Tips 7.03.2019

How to plant onions to get a good harvest


In May, gardeners begin to plant onion sets on a turnip. Not everyone can grow large heads. Need to know how to plant onions. The harvest is affected by various factors. A big role is played by the quality of seed material, the conditions in which it was stored in winter. No less important is the time of planting, the proper preparation of the set. The size of the onion heads depends on the fertility of the soil and the summer feeding pattern.

Terms of planting and soil preparation

Bow loves warmth. When landing in the cold ground lets arrows. Plant it in May, pre-check the temperature of the soil at a depth of 10-12 cm. It should not be below 12 ° C. Postponing landing at a later date is impossible.

The soil in the spring quickly loses moisture. In the set-up, planted with a delay, the feather grows in growth, the roots are lagging behind in development. The power of the heads is deteriorating, it slows down their formation, affects the size. In the old days, onions on a turnip began to be planted when the bird cherry blossomed. Now this omen also works. Prepare the soil in the fall.

On a note!

Each year, the bed under the bow is transferred to a new place. This is done due to the fact that during the season the culture removes the necessary nutrients from the soil. In the ground, pathogens accumulate diseases, larvae of onion flies, and other pests. Onions return to their former place only after 3 years.

Onions do not like sour soil. The quality of the garden land is recognized by means of litmus paper. Buy an indicator of acidity in specialized stores for gardeners and gardeners. Determine the acidity of the soil is simple:

  1. The earth is poured with a small amount of distilled water, insist.
  2. Put the litmus test into the liquid.
  3. The color determines the level of acidity.


Soil characteristics

Red Acidic
Pink Medium acid
Yellow Subacid
Blue Neutral

Dolomite flour (200-300 g / m²) is added under the digging, if the litmus test turns pink or red. Reduce soil acidity by other means. Lime is added to the fluff (400 g / m²) or calcium nitrate (30 g / m²).

During preparation of the ridge, fertilizers are added to the soil:

  • humus - 2 buckets per 1 m²;
  • superphosphate - 30 g / m²;
  • potassium salt - 20-25 g / m².

Ground digging on the spade bayonet. From pests and fungal infections, plantings sprinkle ashes upon planting.

Presowing Seeding Treatment

Sevok buy in advance. The process of preparing seeds for planting lasts about 4 weeks. First, the onion scattered in one layer, dried at room temperature. Then they are sorted by size - 1 cm, 1.5 cm, 2 cm and more.

Be sure to warm sevok 3 days at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. Do this before landing. Not warmed onions go to the arrow. On the night before planting, planting material is soaked in one of the solutions:

  • copper sulphate - 1 tbsp. l, water - 10 l;
  • food salt - 1 tbsp. l, water - 10 l;
  • pale solution of potassium permanganate;
  • complex fertilizer - 15 g, water −10 l.

In the morning, the seeds are rinsed in clean water, dried and planted.

Planting and care

Ridge dig, harrow.With the help of reiki mark the ranks. Keep between them a distance of 15-18 cm. Grooves plentifully watered. Bulbs planted with a certain interval. It depends on the diameter of the head of the bow set.

Head diameter

Landing pitch

1 cm 4-5 cm
1.5 cm 6-8 cm
2 cm and more 10 cm

Sevok fall asleep with humus layer of 1.5-2 cm, the ridge is no longer watered.

Watering and loosening

Watering is important in the first 2-3 weeks of vegetation. This is the period of the formation of roots and feathers. Ridge abundantly moisturize 1-2 times a week. At this time, the water consumption is 10 l / m². When heads begin to form, the need for water decreases. Therefore, the frequency of irrigation is adjusted to 1 time in 2 weeks.


In drought, the soil is often moistened, but water is less consumed.

Loosening of onion beds is carried out every 2 weeks, it improves the access of oxygen to the roots, prevents the formation of a soil crust, makes the earth loose. 2 weeks before harvesting the onions stop watering. Symptoms of head ripening:

  • new stems do not appear;
  • yellow feather;
  • soft neck;
  • fallen feather.

Feed, prevention of diseases and pests

At the beginning of the growing season the onions are watered with fertilizers containing nitrogen. Use organic matter (infusion of mullein, nettle), urea. During the formation of the heads, the onions are fertilized weekly with solutions containing nitrogen and potassium.

From the fungus onions sprayed with the composition:

  • water - 10 l;
  • copper sulphate - 8 g;
  • liquid soap - 1 tbsp. l

Cleaning according to the rules

They start harvesting after the onion neck has become thin, the feather has fallen. In hot, dry summers, heads ripen faster. Most often they are pulled out in the 2nd decade of August. Hour 2 air bulbs on the ridge. Then carried away under a canopy.

The heads are dried with a pen for at least 2 weeks. During this time, all the nutrients are transferred from the stalks to the bulbs. The scales acquire the appropriate color for the variety and become durable. After drying, the turnip is sorted, rotten and damaged specimens are discarded. In healthy cut feathers, leaving a small neck (2-2.5 cm).


Alexey Ivanovich, 33 years old, Moscow

I have a simple recipe from an onion fly. I use it for several seasons. On a bucket of water I take ammonia (1 tbsp. L), iodine (1 tbsp. L), manganese (pinch). I water this ridge with this solution.

Arina Anatolyevna, 41 years old, near Moscow

When onions appear on the stalks of whitish spots, I treat with Aktara. Light stripes talk about the pest - onion trips. I spray the ridge 2 times with a break of 7 days.

Nina Petrovna, 61, Leningrad Region

Caring for the bow on all the rules. In a timely manner fed, loosened, watered. At the end of June, yellow spots appeared on the pen. On examination, I found the larvae of an onion fly. Friends advised drug Muhad. I tried. Has helped.

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Comments on the article: 3
  1. Alexander

    These problems are a thing of the past.
    In the winter we plant sevok. In the spring, no diseases take him.
    In spring, the remaining sevok is planted on greens.

  2. ANNA

    I warm up the sevok in a cotton bag in an apartment on a radiator battery for about 2 weeks. Onions grow without arrows.

  3. Iminat Maksimenko

    I really want to share many secrets but rarely free time. But I will try.


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