Tips 21.06.2019

Male and female strawberry bushes: the secret of a rich harvest

Experienced gardeners know that there are "male" and "female" sockets, and that it is the sex of a bush that affects its fruiting. Beginners should learn to distinguish the floor in order to get good yields.

How strawberries reproduce

Proper planting of strawberries and further care of the beds affects the quality of the future harvest. It is recommended to plant young saplings at a distance of 20-40 cm from each other, while maintaining an interval of 60-70 cm between the rows.

The plant is usually propagated by rooting a mustache that extends from the uterine hive. Only strong and healthy mustaches root, and all others are removed. Processes suitable for breeding rooted in the garden, keeping to an interval of 3-5 cm. Once the "kids" will form their root system, they can be separated from the main bush.

In order for the plant to bring a rich harvest, before it is planted or propagated, it is necessary to divide the strawberry shoots into “female” and “male” ones.

In addition, it is necessary to identify the “floor” of the plantations annually so that the bed is not overgrown with a large number of “male” individuals.

To get rid of the excess of "male" outlets, they must be removed from the garden beds, carefully twisting out of the ground. Caution in this process plays an important role, because it can damage the rhizomes of the mother bush and thereby destroy it. After unnecessary sockets are unscrewed, it is necessary to fill the hole that appeared with soil, leveling the bed. Thus, regularly thinning the beds, you can get a large number of berries.

The influence of the floor of the bushes on the size of the crop

Not only living things, but also some plants, including strawberries, are opposite-sex. And, like the animal world, only female seedlings are capable of bearing fruit. Therefore, gardeners who grow berries, ensure that the area grew, as much as possible bushes, "girls." Experienced experts recommend planting seedlings at a ratio of 10: 1, where 1 is the bushes “boys” and 10 are “girls”, since “male” sockets form numerous processes, but no ovary of berries is formed on them. However, it is not worth getting rid of them completely, as they pollinate the female bushes, contributing to the fruiting and reproduction of the plant.

In addition, "male" sockets can become "female", subject to growth in a limited space. So, when they disembark at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other and timely removal of whiskers, they are “reprogrammed” at the end of the season.

The main thing is to use a sharp blade or scissors during the removal of the mustache, so as not to cause harm to the plant and not to infect the infection.

How to distinguish male and female bushes and sockets

Often gardeners are faced with the problem of poor fruiting of a healthy and strong-looking plant with bright green foliage. However, strawberries are valued for their fruits, and not for their decorative appearance; therefore, it is important for gardeners to be able to determine the “floor” of outlets. Otherwise, you can hardly taste the delicious berry.

In the table you can see by what external characteristics can determine the "floor" of the plant:

Characteristics / floor Male Female
Saplings Large, fluffy Medium or small
Mustache Strong and thick Thin
Outlet Core Shape Cone (narrow) with a small diameter Flat with a large radius
Leaves Fleshy, bright Small, slightly pale
Flowers Large with a large number of stamens, after withering do not form fruit ovaries Medium-sized, after their withering, fruit ovaries form.

At the flowering stage, it is easy enough to understand which sapling is “boy” and which “girl” is just by looking at the flowers. But to choose the desired seedlings more difficult, because sometimes "female" shrubs are quite large, which complicates the process of determining the "sex".

Growing strawberries is not easy. However, if you know all the nuances of planting and adhere to the correct ratio of "female" and "male" individuals on the beds, you can enjoy delicious and fragrant berries every year.

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