The compact design with 2 doors resembles the shape of a device that can be found in every kitchen, so the greenhouse “breadbasket” got this name. Both halves are hinged. It provides the mobility of the elements.
Both doors are not the same size. Due to non-symmetry inside it there is a natural ventilation. The difference between the size of 1 and 2 half is equal to the thickness of the profile, which is used for the manufacture of the frame.
Varieties of designs
Gardener chooses between a separate greenhouse and one that is located near the house. The latter option is more profitable. It equip the heating system and water supply. If the design is planned to be used only during the spring-summer season, the choice is made in favor of a detached one.
Positive and negative sides
The bread box model is suitable for seasonal and year-round use.
|Easy installation.||The need for permanent control of the technical condition of moving parts.|
|Minimum construction period.||Regular lubrication of moving parts.|
|Agricultural and horticultural crops are grown inside.||Folds are fixed only with a stopper.|
|Quick replacement of covering material.|
|Long service life.|
Greenhouse "breadbasket" is not installed in regions where frosts are often fixed below -10 C.
Depending on the number of moving leaves, the greenhouse "breadbasket" is of two types. The first is a “snail”, which can only open 1 half. The second is the “breadbasket”, in which both leaves are mobile, so it is more popular. It is suitable for growing flowers, roots, herbs and vegetables. As a coating, wear-resistant polycarbonate is used. In the middle lane erected greenhouse "bread", which consists of three elements:
- left wing;
- right wing.
The degree of mobility of the valves is set at the stage of selection of hinges.
What manufacturers offer
Creating a greenhouse start with a drawing. Minimize the number of errors will help the preliminary study of models that are presented in stores.
|Arched with 1 casement||To work the gardener raises and secures the backing with a sash.|
|2-wing model||The presence of 2 sections gives the design the shape of a butterfly. Summer resident gets access to seedlings without restrictions.|
|Deep||The greenhouse is installed in the recess, which is located underground. The design provides the maximum level of thermal insulation.|
|Ground or "French"||Pyramidal and slightly elongated shape ensures uniform distribution of sunlight. Adjustment of humidity and ventilation is provided by means of movable flaps. The size of the greenhouse ranges from 2 to 4 m, and the height - 1-1.3 m.|
Novice gardeners will be suitable for the ground, and for professionals - an in-depth or 2-wing variant.
Beginners download a drawing of a standard greenhouse "breadbasket". It contains dimensions and materials. The basis of the structure - plastic panels and pipes made of polypropylene. Fixing the frame is performed by installing a wooden material on the end cut.
Polycarbonate or film is used as a material for coating an arched structure.
How to choose size
Single size does not exist. Gardener chooses a model based on the needs. The only matching factor is height. It does not exceed 1.3 m. The width of the greenhouse depends on the number of structures near the beds. If there are 2 of them, then the indicator will be 0.8-1 m. For a 2-wing model, the width is 1.7 - 2 m.
Choosing a place
Greenhouse set along the north-south line to ensure maximum sunlight inflow. Near the building there should be no sources of shadow - a house or trees. Accuracy - the key to obtaining a good harvest. The nearest high-rise building should be located at a distance of at least 5 m from the greenhouse. In addition to the above requirements, there are several others:
- for construction fit a flat surface;
- it can not be placed near the bath - the minimum distance will be 8 m;
- it should not be located near the toilet - the minimum distance will be 25 m;
- Do not install near high walls and fences.
Observance of the listed requirements guarantees stable development of seedlings.
Greenhouse manufacturing steps
Tools for work take with a margin - 15% of the required amount. The list is as follows:
- screws with rubber washers;
- 2 meter level;
- electric drill.
Installing the foundation - it is made of brick, concrete or wood. The latter option is relevant in a warm climate and with the seasonal nature of the use of the structure. The following procedure is as follows:
- dig a trench - its depth will be 50, and width - 30 cm;
- the base is covered with a 15 cm layer of crushed stone;
- on the entire area of the base lay bricks, which are fixed with mortar;
- set the arc;
- mount the frame of the lower base;
- elements are fixed on the base;
- collected greenhouse mounted on the foundation;
- fix it with stainless steel screws - if there are no screws, then they use heat washers instead;
- collect corners from 2 sides;
- you need to ensure the operability of the valves, which are mounted on hinges;
- to cut polycarbonate, according to the scheme - leave up to 10% of the stock;
- the stock is needed for easy fixation of the coating.
After installing the wooden base gardener conducts its antiseptic treatment.
Frame Sheathing Rules
Gardeners use iron pipes as racks. They pre-drilled holes. Their size corresponds to the dimensions of the screws. If aluminum racks are taken as a basis, then the fixation of polycarbonate sheets is carried out without prior preparation. After the completion of the technical part, polycarbonate sheets are cut:
- 4 sheets for the sidewall;
- 1 sheet for each leaf;
- 1 sheet for "deaf" elements.
Cutting is done with a knife.
The cost ranges from 1500 to 3000 rubles. In an inexpensive design feels green. I grow dill and onions in my house. Good figures for strawberries and strawberries. A neighbor tried to plant beets and carrots. Yield was average. The reason - obviously wrong location of the greenhouse. He oriented it from west to east.
Coating problems are the result of markup errors. It doesn’t matter if you made a plan yourself or downloaded it. Dimensions must be adjusted to the parameters of the site. The second common mistake - the lack of rubber washers on the screws.
Regular preventive maintenance will ensure a greenhouse for 8–9 years. Every month I lubricate the sash with oil. I do not work with seedlings in strong winds.There is a risk of damage to the structure.
Mobile, easy to use and maintain greenhouse "bread" is suitable for growing low-growing crops. The structure minimizes heat loss and protects the landing from wind and rain. Warranty period is 10 years. During the specified time inspect the details of the design. At least once a month, lubricate the hinges. Replacement of the coating is carried out as needed.