One of the weather-resistant varieties is the Jolly Dwarf tomato. This baby, and the height of an adult plant barely reaches 40 cm, grows well not only on the beds in the garden, but can easily grow in pots on the veranda, and can form beautiful curbs that during fruiting will look like decoration for your garden.
Tomato Jolly gnome according to its characteristics and description of the variety, belongs to the early ripening and determinant, and is designed for a short and cool summer. In a short time he has gained a lot of fans among the summer people of the middle lane who grow him without the use of any shelters. Only in the northern regions, amateur vegetable growers use greenhouses to harvest these tomatoes.
The main thing about the variety
Tomato bushes are small and compact, slightly leafy, do not require formation and pinching. Shrubs are very decorative, look beautiful on the balconies and flower beds. Leaves are light green, small.
Fruits, small, similar in shape to icicles:
- Color bright red when ripe.
- Fruit weight 70-90g.
- Fruit length up to 12 cm.
- The flesh is dense, very tasty.
- The skin is smooth and shiny.
- Well kept and tolerated transportation.
- Do not crack.
- Universal application - is used for fresh consumption and preparation of preserves, for sauces and ketchups.
See also: Large crop of tomatoes at home
Pests and diseases
Most of the tomatoes, including the tomato variety, the Cheerful Dwarf, are susceptible to some fungal and viral diseases - Alternaria, late blight, mosaic.
For prophylactic treatments, phytosporin and triple treatment of plants with copper-containing preparations - Bordeaux mixture or copper chloroxide are used.
The main obstacle to the development of plant diseases are the conditions of maintenance - moderate watering, a sufficient amount of nutrients in the soil and timely feeding with trace elements.
The most dangerous pests of tomatoes include slugs, whitefly, spider mite, Colorado potato beetle, wireworm. However, the majority of summer residents do not welcome the treatment with chemical means, even with a significant number of pests - spraying decoction of wormwood, pepper, dandelion, mustard is used, and slugs and Colorado beetles are destroyed mechanically.
What is good grade?
Cheerful gnome - tomatoes are compact and the description of summer residents surprisingly elegant. Borders from these strong small bushes make the garden surprisingly attractive.
In addition to attractiveness, there are other advantages:
- Early ripening - 100-110 days after the first shoots.
- Compact bushes that do not require the formation and trimming of stepsons.
- Fine taste of fleshy fruit.
- Productivity - up to 3kg from a bush.
- Tomato does not require large areas for planting - plants can be planted at a distance of 30 cm in a row.
- Universal use of fruits - suitable for salads, preservation and even drying.
The disadvantage is that despite the resistance to temporary cold spells, at lower temperatures, the ripening time is much later.
Features of growing
For a guaranteed harvest tomato must have healthy seedlings, and to be sure of its quality, it is better to grow it yourself.
Land for planting tomatoes for seedlings is desirable to prepare in the fall - tomatoes prefer a loose and light soil composition. Usually, gardeners use a mixture of vegetable or sod land with compost and ash. If the soil is clayey, peat or sand is added to it.
To begin sowing two months before planting seedlings in the ground - in the first decade of April. The soil in the boxes is moistened, in rows, at a distance of 15-20mm seeds are sown, covered with earth from above (5-6mm), and slightly compacted.
The box with the seedlings is covered with a film or placed in a plastic bag, while it is necessary to leave holes so that the box is not sealed. Within a few days, in a warm place (24 - 25 degrees.) The seeds will slip and appear on the surface.
The moment of germination can not be missed, because if you keep the seedlings in the warmth and darkness, it will stretch and will be unsuitable. The boxes are placed on the brightest place in the room; if there is not enough natural light, artificial highlighting is used.
After quenching the plants, the temperature is raised to 22-24 degrees, and when several true leaves appear, they dive into cups or boxes of larger volume. In the following days, the plants are watered moderately, fed with fertilizer for seedlings.
Garden beds in the garden for tomatoes are prepared in the autumn, taking into account crop rotation, in areas where solanaceous crops did not grow - tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplants:
- Harvest residues.
- For the improvement of the soil sow mustard, oats, phacelia.
Since tomato bushes are compact, the wells are prepared at a distance of 30 cm in a row and 50-60 cm between the rows. Sometimes they make a simple trench, in which seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm. Dumped manure, mineral fertilizers, ash, and water are added to the wells.
Plants are planted when there is no threat of frost, because, despite the hardening and resistance to temperature extremes, even light frosts can completely destroy the seedlings. Many summer residents in case of unforeseen cold spells keep spunbond in stock, with which they cover up plants if necessary.
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In the following days, the tomatoes are watered under the root - depending on the weather every 7 to 10 days; Plants respond well to the use of mulch around plants.
The fruits of tomatoes ripen pretty well together, but are well proportioned, if they are removed brown.
Numerous reviews of summer residents suggest that a small but very attractive Cheerful dwarf came to taste of tomato lovers. And, if at the end of the summer season, the bushes are carefully dug up and transplanted into a box or a flower pot, they will still delight you with a harvest from the veranda or window sill.
Video: Proper care of tomatoes