When rats are turned up in a chicken coop, this is a real misfortune for the owners. Rodents steal eggs, eat chickens. In addition, they are distributors of dangerous diseases. In order to prevent serious damage, poultry breeders must take care of the safety of their farms even before they start chickens. Protect chicken coops in different ways, choosing the right, it is worth remembering that it should be safe for layers.
Causes and symptoms of rats in the hen house
The reasons for which rodents are turned up in a hen house are many. Firstly, it is warm enough in this room in winter. Secondly, it is full of food: in addition to grain, rats are attracted to eggs and young chickens, which for them become an excellent delicacy.
It is easy to understand whether there are rats in the house, it’s enough to pay attention to some signs:
- paths that will be laid on the dust;
- rat droppings;
- teeth marks on different objects;
- ammonia smell;
- egg shells;
- gnawed passages;
- specific noise and fuss.
The most effective folk remedies
As soon as the owner will notice the first signs of the appearance of unexpected guests, you should immediately take measures to get rid of them. And first of all it is worth trying out the folk ways - they are effective and budget.
- Ash from the furnace. It just needs to be scattered on the floor. Ash has a detrimental effect on rodents due to alkali, which is part of. It sticks on paws and eats them.
- Deadly bait. It is made from alabaster, flour, lime and sugar. All ingredients are taken in equal proportions.
There are more humane ways that will help ward off rodents:
- Spines. They are laid out in a chicken coop. The spines cling to the wool, it is difficult to get rid of them, and the next time the rats do not raid the coop.
- Plants with a deterrent effect. These include wild rosemary, onion, mint, and elderberry.
Purchased facilities and accessories
If popular methods do not bring the expected result, it remains to use more expensive purchased funds.
This is a special scarer. The principle of operation is simple: the device emits a specific sound signal, which is heard only by rodents. As a result, they panic, and the rats leave. Such ultrasounds are divided into two types:
- On batteries. They are thin and the range is small, so if the chicken coop is big enough, there will be no sense from such a device.
- Professional, powered by the network.
Among them are so powerful that they are used in large warehouses, they can only be turned on when there are no people nearby.
One of the best is the device Tornado. Next in popularity are Typhoon and Grad.
It is worth using them carefully. They put such traps and traps near the nests. However, rats are very smart and can bypass the traps. But chicken or chicken can easily please them.
Often equip glue traps, however, they are effective only in relation to mice or small rats, large individuals can easily escape.
The easy way is to use a regular plastic bottle or jar.First, the walls of the tank must be lubricated with vegetable oil. Then put the sausage or lard into it. You can set such a trap anywhere - the chicken will not fall into it, but the rat, having climbed inside, is unlikely to get out.
First of all, we are talking about such a method as aeration. It consists in spraying indoor chlorine, hydrogen phosphide and carbon monoxide. The method is complex, so we need certain knowledge and skills. Usually such work is performed by disinfection service staff.
More simple and affordable is the use of poisonous substances in the form of baits. You can buy them at any specialty store. The bait is attractive to rodents by smell, and at the same time very dangerous for them.
There are ways and disadvantages. First, some substances can be dangerous not only for rats, but also for people. Secondly, they also attract chickens, cats, dogs. Among the effective poisons can be identified Ratid-1 and Ratid-2.
The advantage is that the composition contains substances that promote the mummification of corpses, which protects against odor and microbiological hazards.
Will the cat help?
Yes, cats are natural enemies of rodents, so fluffies will quickly be able to rid the coop from them. Most importantly, the cat really was a hunter, ready to enter into battle with the petty enemy. The best rat catchers are Siberian breeds and sphinxes.