What can be planted under fruit trees are interested in many gardeners. Someone just wants the site to look attractive, and someone that every inch of land benefits. Pristvolnuyu part can be decorated decoratively, you can break a flower bed here, and you can plant not only vegetables, but even berries.
Garden bed under the tree
It is advisable to deal with this issue immediately while planting the tree itself. The fact is that many cultures have roots that are located close to the surface. Therefore, further loosening can damage them, lead to seedling disease.
But if the tree has been growing for a long time, and it was decided only now to take up the adjacent territory, you should either make a high bed around it, or first put the tree trunk in order, clearing it manually from weeds, carefully mulching it with hay, peat or mowed grass.
The bed in the wheel circle should be no more than 80-90 cm in diameter. Otherwise, it will be very inconvenient to care for her. Plants should be planted at a distance of 20-25 cm from the trunk, so that there is no direct contact with it.
If there are flower beds under the fruit, it will not be possible to spray and other foliar treatments with chemicals, because they will fall on the plants growing at the bottom.
There may also be difficulties with watering. The tree needs a lot of moisture, but rarely, and the bed under it often, but little by little. Therefore, to irrigate the fruit, it will be necessary to dig a hole along the crown's perimeter, and the plants growing at the bottom should be regularly watered from the watering can with settled water.
What to plant
The choice of plants to be located under the fruit, depends primarily on what the owner wants to achieve. If the task is to create just a neat area, you can use the lawn grass or gently mulch the trunk territory, decorating it with decorative stones.
But you can combine business with pleasure.
It is recommended to plant under the trees:
- daisy, etc.
This plants lure bees, which will pollinate fruit, which means, thus, it will be possible not only to decorate the territory adjacent to the trunk, but also to significantly increase the yield.
In addition, you can sow around the siderats. This is mustard, lupine, clover and some others. These plants have a very powerful root system, which penetrates very deep into the ground (about 50-70 cm and loosens it perfectly).
It turns out the system action. On the one hand, a bee flies to the plants' color, on the other hand, the smell of them repels pests, there is an active loosening of the soil, but at the same time the root system of the tree does not suffer, as it could suffer from digging with a shovel. And after mowing, siderats can be expanded around the trunk and this will be not only a great option for mulching, but also a way of feeding nutrients, primarily nitrogen.
It is best to use wormwood and coriander to repel insect pests, especially such as spider mites, sawflies, apple moth, aphid and others.
Under the fruit can be broken vegetable bed. It is best to plant onions, garlic and low-growing tomatoes. These plants are not only well adapted to these conditions, but they will scare off pests, especially aphids and sawflies, from the tree.
Some gardeners plant squash, pumpkin, beets and even garters for cucumbers under the trees.
Radish grows well in shaded space, which, in principle, does not need sunlight and overheating. Such conditions of kohlrabi and broccoli are suitable. But the usual white cabbage, even if it grows, you get a little small.
In general, under the shade of crowns, you can plant any undersized crops that do not have a powerful root system that could damage the tree, and need a shaded place.
Under any tree on the site you can grow berries. The most unpretentious are strawberries and strawberries. They do not need sunlight. The main thing is that the soil received a sufficient amount of nutrients.
Here it is better not to place shrubs in the neighborhood. Their roots can cross over, leading to disease and lower crop yields. Some summer residents sometimes plant raspberries near the trees. But this will limit access for harvesting, and the “prickles” will have to be regularly cut, and also to make a choice in favor of low-growing varieties.
The range of colors depends on the tree under which you plan to plant it. Apple trees and cherries are considered to be almost universal neighbors. The win-win choice is calendula, marigold, nasturtium. Such annuals will not only decorate the area near the trunk, but also disinfect them from infections, fungi and bacteria, attract a large number of worms.
Under the trees, you can have a variety of ground cover plants. They are low, have a variety of colors and shapes, create an amazing "carpet". And some also very beautiful bloom.
On a note
Not all trees fit these recommendations. For example, under a cherry you should not plant tomatoes, strawberries and strawberries, but bells, ferns and lilies of the valley will take root under it.
- Under the plum and cherry plum, it is recommended to plant only spicy herbs, marigolds and nasturtiums, primrose and small-bulb.
- Under any fruit trees do not plant eggplants, pepper and tobacco.
- In the neighborhood with a nut melissa, lilies of the valley, daffodils, ferns perfectly coexist.
- With apple muscari, crocuses and daffodils, pansies, periwinkles.
- Evening primroses, phloxes, strawberries, marigolds, and daisies feel wonderful under a pear.
- Under a linden and an oak small-leaved and violets, under a birch wild strawberry, Volzhanka and lily.
If there is a pine on the plot, be sure to plant forest strawberries, snowdrops, low-growing tulips, daffodils, lingonberries or blueberries under it.
And experienced gardeners advise to plant several bushes of celandine under each tree, they say that this is an excellent protection against aphids and ants. Try it and you.