The Ural giant tomato belongs to the varieties of the new generation bred by domestic breeders and combines several useful properties at once: heat and frost resistance, excellent taste, large fruit size, a wide range of uses (the variety is ideal for both making salads and preparing ketchups and sauces). The fruits of the tomato variety Ural giant contain a large amount of lycopene, which makes it very useful.
- Characteristics and description
- Features of growing varieties
- Video: Caring for tomatoes. First important steps
Characteristics and description
It is possible to grow crops both in open ground and in a greenhouse condition. Sort tolerates both high and low temperatures, which makes it possible to grow crops in a large number of regions, with both southern and temperate climates.
Tomato Ural giant: a description, reviews, photos, yields, as well as features of cultivation, we consider in more detail.
Description of the bush
The Ural giant tomato belongs to the representatives of medium ripening varieties. The bush is tall, in the form of lianas, can grow up to 1.5m, therefore it needs regular and timely garter. In the absence of proper care, the bushes begin to creep along the ground or crack, which affects the development and ripening of fruits, and, consequently, the yield.
Description of the fetus
The fruits are quite large, fleshy, sweet. The mass of one tomato varies from 600 to 800 grams. The shape of the fruit is spherical, with slightly flattened poles. Inside there are many chambers filled with juicy pulp. From above the fruit is covered with a thin peel.
Productivity and keeping quality
Tomato Ural giant has a high yield. On one brush of a plant from 3 to 5 ovaries develop simultaneously.
The Ural giant does not differ in keeping quality. Ripe tomatoes need to be processed in a timely manner, as they quickly become unusable due to the lack of thick skin.
Tomato variety Ural giant is perfect for cooking vegetable salads, ketchups, sauces, as well as tomato juice, rich in vitamins and macro / micro elements.
Advantages and disadvantages
- high yields (up to 15kg of fruit from 1 sq. m. beds);
- excellent taste;
- resistance to cracking on fruits;
- the presence of a large amount of vitamins, macro and micro elements in the fruit, which makes the variety very useful for the body;
- resistance to low and high temperatures, which allows you to grow a variety in the conditions of the Siberian region, and in regions with a hot southern climate.
There are not many negative qualities of a tomato in the Urals. Among the most basic shortcomings should be highlighted poor transportability, as well as poor resistance to diseases, which often leads to the defeat of the culture with phytophthora and fungi.
Features of growing varieties
A distinctive feature of growing tomatoes of the Ural giant is the obligatory formation of a bush, the garter, the observance of the plantation of plants in the ground, the formation of a hand to get more fruits.
Recommended growing regions
According to the characteristics and description of the variety, the Ural giant tomato is suitable for cultivation in any region, both with a hot and rather cold climate (for example, in Siberia). The variety is frost and heat resistant, therefore it develops well and bears fruit both in the garden and in the greenhouse conditions.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Variety, like most of the representatives of tall tomatoes, has a low threshold of resistance to diseases and pests. Most often the grade is subject to a defeat of a fitoftoroz and fungi.
Seedlings are grown from seeds that are sown in late March, early April in a container with the ground. As the third true leaf appears on the plant, the seedlings swoop into separate containers. Until the plants are planted on a bed or a greenhouse, they are watered, and the pot is periodically turned over so that the stem of the plant is even.
Transplant into the ground
Tomato seedlings grown before transplanting into the ground must first be hardened for 7-10 days. The hardening of the plants should be carried out gradually, with an increasing increase in the residence time of the plant in fresh air.
When cultivating a crop in the open field, seedlings should be planted on the beds during the end of the spring frosts.
Before planting seedlings, in both cases it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil. To do this, organic fertilizers are placed in the wells, which are lightly sprinkled with earth, and only after that, seedlings are planted.
- bush formation;
- timely watering;
- fertilizer plants;
- processing plants from pests.
Forming a bush
The Ural giant is a representative of the determinant variety, so it needs the compulsory formation of a bush. To obtain a rich harvest should take special control of the height and width of the plant. Pruning should be carried out as a side, removing the stepchildren, and the apical.
All tall varieties need timely garter. Tomato Ural giant is no exception. Due to the fact that the fruit of the variety is rather large, the stem develops massive and long. In order to prevent the stalk from breaking and the death of the plant, the bush should be regularly tied up as it grows and inflorescences form. For convenience, you can use vertical supports 1.5-2m high, around which the central stem of the plant will be braided. Additionally, as it forms, inflorescences and clusters with fruits should be tied to reduce the load on the stem of the plant.
Watering of plants should be after sunset and only with warm water 1 time in 2 days.
Plant feeding should be carried out at least twice a month using organic and mineral fertilizers. The variety is particularly in need of feeding, since without applying fertilizer the cultivation of large fruits will be impossible.
Due to the fact that the variety has practically no immunity against diseases, it is most often susceptible to late blight and fungus. To prevent the occurrence of foci of infection, timely and high-quality treatment of plants against pests and diseases should be carried out using special means. Phytophorin is used for phytophthora infection, and if there are bushes already affected by the disease or pests, more effective chemicals are used, which can be purchased in specialized stores.
To obtain a good harvest of tomatoes, the Ural giant must strictly observe all the nuances associated with the agricultural technology of this variety. Growing giant tomatoes is a very time-consuming business that is not suitable for everyone, so before making a decision in favor of growing the Ural Giant variety, you should really evaluate your potential.
Video: Caring for tomatoes. First important steps