- Official information
- Characteristic variety
- Disease and Pest Resistance
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Features agrotehnika
- Video: Caring for tomatoes. First important steps
The variety was filed for registration for inclusion in the register of breeding achievements in 1998. Having passed the test for several years, "Giant lemon" in 2000 was included in the registry under the number 9805206.
Applicant and originator of the variety CJSC Scientific and Production Corporation NK LTD Moscow Region, Schelkovo Russia.
The grade is recommended for cultivation in small farms and kitchen gardens of personal subsidiary farms, as in an open ground, and under film shelters in all regions of the Russian Federation.
Variety of medium ripening and salad destination.
Leaf size medium, classic, green.
The first inflorescence appears on the 7-9 leaf, the following are formed after 3.
The shape of the “Lemon giant” is flat-round. The ribbing is average and is expressed on all fruits without exception.
The tomato is moderately dense, the skin is smooth with a slight sheen.
The originators indicate an average weight in the range of 350-380 g, but vegetable growers who have grown giant for a long time, sharing their impressions, talk about weight up to 700 g
Tasters, assessing the taste properties rated "good", but the opinion of vegetable growers was divided into those who are delighted with the taste and those who have not found a special taste.
The fruit is suitable for fresh use. This recommendation was given not only because the tomato is very large and does not fit into the jar, but also because the heat treatment immediately turns the pulp into puree.
Features of ripening
At the beginning of ripening, tomatoes have a green color with a pronounced dark, saturated green spot on the stem. Ripening, the fruits gradually turn yellow, the stain dissolves, and the tomato becomes a yellow-lemon color.
The variety has features in agricultural technology, if not to comply with the plant increases the vegetative mass to the detriment of the ovary.
Vegetable growers who have tried the variety in their garden beds fully confirm these figures.
The yield of tomato is not great, but the taste properties compensate for the lack.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The originators of the variety and the registration commission did not indicate the resistance of the variety to diseases. However, drew attention to the stability of the crop in all weather conditions.This suggests that the gardener will get pleasure from tomato products in any case, and with prolonged drought, and with high humidity.
Advantages and disadvantages
- large fruits;
- good presentation of the fruit;
- good taste;
- excellent fleshy consistency;
- stable yield;
- resistance to temperature changes;
- disease resistance;
As a disadvantage, many vegetable growers are not satisfied with the insufficient yield of the variety.
"Lemon giant" has its own characteristics. The tomato is prone to fattening, so you can not grow it with the classic technology. To get the harvest in time and of excellent quality, all items of technology must be taken into account. Features take place in:
- seedling period;
- selection of fertilizers for feeding.
Once acquiring seeds, in the future you can use your planting material for years, as the variety perfectly conveys genetic information.
After 3-4 days, signs of germination (white spine) will indicate the time of sowing. We can not allow the growth and emergence of a green shoots.
Since the cultivation of a variety has its own characteristics, and they relate to the prevention of tomato fattening, the soil must be prepared very carefully.
Ground mix need to prepare such a composition:
- humus of animal origin (certainly well-ripened);
- garden land.
It is necessary to take into account that the variety does not accept ammonia dressing, it begins to fatten. Therefore, nitrogen is applicable only in the seedling period.
Sowing is performed as follows:
- Fill the tank with a soil mixture and compact it;
- We spread the live seeds (naklyuvshiesya) on the surface with a distance of 2 cm;
- Sprinkle with soil to 1.5-2 cm and compacted;
- Pour through a strainer or from the sprayer with warm water;
- Cover with plastic film or glass;
- Sent to a warm place.
Germination temperature in the range of 24-26 ᵒC.
In 5-6 days, shoots will appear.
As soon as the seedlings appear at 80%, we remove the shelter, and we transfer the tanks with crops to the most lighted place. In order to prevent stretching, we lower the temperature to 14-16 ᵒC at night and two degrees higher during the day.
Watering is carried out only with warm water. Soil lump when watering should be completely wetted.
If the soil mixture is prepared correctly, the seedlings will not require additional fertilizing.
With the appearance of two true sheets of seedlings dive. To do this, the spine tear off the lower third and transplanted into individual cups.
Capacity for transplantation should be high, and should be filled with soil by 1/3. Further, as the shoot grows, the soil should be poured until the pot is completely filled.
Further growing seedlings consists of regular watering and ventilation. Before the moment of transplanting to the open ground, the plants are hardened. For this tub with a seedling carrying out to fresh air. Initially, the adaptation is carried out for 15 minutes, and then the residence time increases.
Transplantation in the garden
"Lemon giant" has its own characteristics. Choosing a landing site, you should not pick up very fat, fertile soils to prevent grease shoots.
The landing site must be protected from the winds and not grow up the nightshade in the previous 3-4 years.
Having chosen a place, we dig a hole and by a transshipment method, without destroying an earthen coma, we plant seedlings there.
Since the variety is tall, you should immediately take care of the supports and fixing the garter of the seedlings.
- timely watering;
- regular feedings.
The large-fruited plant needs nutrients in a balanced supply. As soon as the soil dries, the flow stops, and the yield increase stops. Taking care of regular watering is the basis of large tomato.
Tomato lemon giant characteristic and description of the variety suggests that the plant is prone to fattening, therefore, it can not be fed with nitrogen fertilizers, but the potash and phosphorus him needed.
As such fertilizers, you can use:
- double superphosphate;
- potassium sulfate;
- stove ash.
Top dressing start 2 weeks after the transfer of seedlings to the garden. On a bucket of water bred 2 tbsp. spoons of any of the first three of the list, fertilizers, and to them add 0.5 liters of furnace ash. Under each bush of tomato such a solution should be made of 0.5 liters with a preliminary abundant watering.
The grade is inclined to formation of plentiful quantity of stepsons. To prevent thickening, they should be broken at the moment when the value does not exceed 2-3 cm.
Variety genetically laid on the formation of a very large fruit. However, no matter how dense the shoot, he cannot independently hold very large tomatoes on the stalk. The task of the grower to help him. Constant tying of fruit bunches with soft twine will prevent breakage and crop loss.
As soon as the period of high humidity and cold weather comes, spray tomatoes with a fungicide preparation. It is easy to lose the grown crop, but it is not necessary to save it.
Observing all the agrotechnical subtleties, you can get a good harvest of large-fruited lemon giant.
Video: Caring for tomatoes. First important steps