Not only the choice of high-quality seedlings, but also the right place to install the greenhouse affects the increased yield and its quality. What factors are taken into account when choosing a place on the site? Only from our article you will learn how, where the greenhouse complex is located correctly. What recommendations are there to minimize the impact of negative factors.
Many people know that in order to grow a high-quality, abundant crop, you need to create a comfortable environment for plant growth. When choosing a place, pay attention to:
- What is the quality of soil on your site?
- What are the relief features of the site?
- How exactly does the wind flow?
- Where on your site are communications, as well as installed other buildings?
Before you install a greenhouse complex should give a thorough analysis of such factors as:
- The quality of the soil. This is an important factor, since if the soil in your area is soft, then over time the greenhouse frame may break or deform. Transom can stop closing doors or suffer coverage. That is, the soil should be dense. An additional drainage system is installed on the marshland to remove excess water. If the land on the plot is soft, loose, then you need to build a greenhouse basement. Now it is worth exploring the composition of the soil. To do this, dig a deep hole and see what is under the fertile layer. If the clay, then it is necessary to abandon the selected location, since the clay tends to retain water during irrigation. As a result, the humidity inside will be high. It is best if sand is instead of clay. If there is no such area on your land, then it is necessary to dig a ditch, remove the clay layer and pour sand instead. Thus, a pillow is created, which is covered with a fertile layer from above. And only after such manipulations it is possible to put a greenhouse on this place.
Additionally, note the proximity of groundwater. The optimal distance of water to the surface is one and a half meters.
- On your site there is a bias. On such a terrain it is not necessary to install a greenhouse complex It is best to choose a flat area with a dense ground. She should not lean in any direction. To soften the angle of inclination build the foundation.
Solutions for problem areas
The site is located in areas with high humidity, has an uneven relief. How to install a greenhouse on it?
- Before starting construction it is worthwhile to find a place and choose a segment on it, which should be located higher and be more even. This is where the passage will be located.
- After installation, it is ditched around the outer perimeter. The top layer of turf can cover the beds.
The main distinctive feature of the installation in such areas is bulk ridges. They differ in the fact that in the first year of a good harvest you should not reap. But the longer the greenhouse is operated, the better the quality, quantity of the crop.
Accounting for light, climate
Another significant factor in determining the location for the greenhouse is natural light. It is worth paying attention to the directions of the cardinal directions. Proper installation will provide the plants growing in it with the necessary light. With a lack of daylight plants get sick and a good harvest should not be expected.
Many will say that natural light can be replaced by artificial, but it is quite expensive. To save money is to make an exact calculation of the location. It will allow the use of natural lighting with maximum benefit.
Answer the question, what is the difference between a greenhouse (stationary) and a greenhouse (seasonal), is possible only after consideration ...
The correct location will be from south to north (meridional) or from east to west (latitudinal). The place should be illuminated by the sun long enough. In the east-west direction, the light day in it will be the longest. In the case of winter greenhouses, this arrangement results in minimal electricity costs.
If your site has several greenhouse structures, then pay attention to the fact that they do not block each other daylight.
If it is not possible to locate the greenhouse on a well-lit area, then try to get the main dose of sunlight plants in the morning. It is during this period of daylight that plants receive the maximum light. The afternoon sun has a negative effect on growth and yield. During this period, she does not have time to heat up inside and plants can freeze at night.
Climate of the regions
Russia is a big country that includes several climatic zones:
Features of each climate zone in the table. Taking them into account, it is worthwhile to install a greenhouse and choose a place to install it.
|Climate zone||Territory||Zone feature|
|South of the country (Astrakhan Region, Krasnodar Territory, Stavropol Territory, Rostov Region, Republic of Dagestan, Ingushetia, etc.)||Warm areas of the country, the winter temperature is in the region of -9.5 ° С, in summer it can rise to +30 ° С (maximum recorded in the last century is +45.5 ° С).|
|Second zone||These are Primorsky Krai, as well as the regions located in the west and north-west of the country.||The zone is very similar to the 1st. There is also the average winter temperature in the region of -10 ° C, summer - approximately + 25 ... + 30 ° C|
|Third zone||Areas of Siberia and the Far East, which are not included in the 4th zone||Winter temperatures are significantly colder, reaching an average of -20 ... -18 ° C. In summer, temperature indicators fluctuate in the range of + 16 ... + 20 ° С. Windiness is low, wind speed rarely exceeds 4 m / s|
|Fourth zone||Northern Siberia, the Far East, Yakutia||These areas are below the polar circle. Winter temperature is around -41 ° С, summer is close to 0 ° С. Windiness - no more than 1,5m / s|
|Special climate zone||Here are located the territories that are beyond the Arctic Circle, as well as Chukotka||
The winter temperature here is in the region of -25 ° С, the wind speed in winter can reach 6.5 m / s
At latitudes of 30–65 degrees of latitude from the north, it is best to use the latitudinal direction, and in areas of 40–65 degrees north longitude it is best to use the meridional direction.
Location relative to buildings and trees
Also, when choosing a place for the construction of a greenhouse, it is necessary to consider the location of trees, buildings. No need to install greenhouse facilities near the house, large trees, as they create shade. The leaves begin to fall from the trees from the middle of July and constantly clean the roof of the greenhouse.
Greenhouse should not be located in the farthest corner on the plot. Walking is not very convenient. Modern greenhouse designs allow you to decorate the site, and easy access to a fresh crop will be a nice bonus.
If the site is small and it is possible to build only near a residential building, then it is installed from the south or east-west side. The house protects it from the winds and in addition it receives heat from the house.
A greenhouse is never installed between two buildings, as a wind tunnel effect may occur. That is, the plants will be affected by constant drafts.
Accounting for distance to communications
And back to the greenhouse complexes located in the far corners of the site. This is a blunder. For a comfortable location and work in it is worth considering that the plants require periodic watering, may require additional lighting and so on. In order not to pull bulky hoses, a bunch of electrical wiring greenhouse should be located as close as possible to the house.
For summer greenhouses. Proximity to communications is not very important. The main thing is to ensure accessibility with garden tools.
Considering the distance to communications is a decisive factor in the construction of winter and year-round greenhouse complexes. Since they require additional lighting, heating and water supply. The closer the communications system is located, the easier it is to bring it to the greenhouse.
Consider that water supply pipes are laid together with the installation of the foundation and as close as possible to the central pipes.
Wind and wet protection
For long operation of the greenhouse and to avoid damage by water and wind, it is necessary to take measures to protect against them. Such activities are carried out before the construction of the greenhouse. Now let's look at the impact of water and wind.
Wind is unpredictable. A strong impulse can be difficult to remove the covering material, and even spoil the frame of the greenhouse itself. The wind can have a detrimental effect on the plants inside, as the constant pressure on the seedlings cools it and leads to death. To avoid this, it is necessary to correctly determine the place where the seedlings will grow and further strengthen the frame of the greenhouse.
In stores for gardeners, you can find any ready-made greenhouse, but it does not always correspond to the wishes of people. By this…
A few rules:
- The plot should not be located in a draft.
- It must be protected from air currents that change with each season.
- The site should not be on high ground.
This amazing element both gives and supports life, and can affect:
With a high level of humidity, irreversible processes of corrosion and condensation occur. To avoid the influence of these factors, it is worth choosing zinc coated frames with air vents for ventilation.
The groundwater of permanent or temporary action flushes the soil under the greenhouse, which eventually destroys it.
How to strengthen
In order to minimize the destructive forces of water and wind, you can do the following:
- To strengthen the frame the foundation or grounds.
- To the base of the greenhouse was resistant to wind gusts, all elements must be secured with brackets and screws. The solution is to install additional transverse rails.
Only two simple ways, but they will enjoy a more durable greenhouse.
Layout of greenhouses on the site
Unfortunately, there is no universal scheme for the location of the greenhouse on the site. If you search the Internet, you can find something similar, but this is not that. Each land plot is universal for many factors and as a result, what can fit in and fit into one area can turn the other into a bunch of unnecessary trash.
For high-quality, healthy, tasty and abundant harvest using greenhouses. Build it yourself is easy. The main thing is to take into account the mistakes of others.If we take into account all the factors that can have a negative impact, then everyone will be able to succeed, both a novice summer resident and a professional gardener. Build, create, learn and most importantly be attentive to the little things. Especially regarding the cardinal points.