The secret of delicious homemade preparations lies in the right choice of vegetable variety. Experienced gardeners always allocate in their plot a place for planting tomatoes intended specifically for canning. The market offers dozens of different varieties, new products and tomatoes, bred in the distant past. Making the right choice will help the selection of the best varieties with a description and photos.
Depending on the region, weather conditions during the summer period are very different. Orientation when choosing tomatoes is necessary taking into account the particular climate specific areas. Adapted culture will be less sick, and vegetables will ripen in due time and will taste to match the stated characteristics.
Tomatoes for Siberia
Siberia is a zone of unsustainable farming. A few years ago it was almost impossible to grow thermophilic tomatoes to Siberian summer residents. Over the past few decades breeders bred many varietiesresistant to adverse weather conditions. Among them are the most suitable for conservation:
Reliable super-early variety. Return of the harvest takes place in a short time, which is very appreciated by the hostesses. Fruits weighing 50-60 grams, the shape is round, the pulp is dense with seeds. The taste is sweet and sour. The peculiarity of the variety is that bushes form tomatoes of the same size. Plants are not afraid of phytophtoras, temperature drops, undemanding to heat and care. Of the drawbacks - tomatoes do not lie at all. Therefore, the collected fruit must be processed within three days. Turbojet is a good option for heat treated blanks.
A variety of "cherry", bred specifically for Siberian vegetable growers. Small, sweet tomatoes are salted on the branch and in bulk. Often housewives salt “Bull's Eye” in a duet with standard tomatoes. Tall bushes bear fruit until frost. Of the shortcomings, gardeners point out: demanding of moisture and regular cracking. In Siberia, it is possible to grow only in greenhouse conditions.
- Scarlet Mustang
Scarlet Mustang Tomatoes look like peppers. Vegetables of such an unusual shape sit well in cans. The dense structure of the pulp and skin retains its original appearance and shape after heat treatment. Fruits are poured weighing 200-220 grams. Immunity to diseases, abundant harvest, tasty and fragrant fruits - all these are the values of a variety.
- Minusinsk pepper
Suitable for growing in the south of Siberia. Despite the rarity, gardeners are looking for an opportunity to find the seeds of this tomato popular selection. Glossy fruits of the pepper-shaped form are poured to 100-120 grams. The pulp is sugar, very dense. In brine, vegetables do not lose their properties. Breed especially for the Siberian conditions, the variety is not afraid of a cold and wet summer. The ripening period is medium early, but it has time to ripen on the bush. Demanding on soil fertility.
- Barnaul canning
Small-fruited early-ripening variety. Bushes are compact, up to 45 cm in height. Tomatoes are rounded, with a spout. The surface is glossy, color red-orange. Advantages - not stepsons, sweet, elastic structure of vegetables, unpretentious to care, early maturing. Cons: average yield (not more than 6 kg per 1 m2).
Record in terms of ripening grade.Removable maturity after 80-85 days from germination. It is allowed to grow by seedless way. Fruits of the correct rounded shape, without spot at a fruit stem. Pulp is dense, practically without chamber space and seeds. It is very common in Siberia because of the mass of advantages: resistance to bad weather, uniform ripening, determinant bushes do not require a garter and pasynkovaniya, good taste.
- Lisa F1
Cherry type tomato variety. The height of the bushes does not exceed one meter. Of the advantages noted is the maturation rate of 90 days, disease resistance, resistance to cold morning dews. The fruits are shaped like quail eggs, small by 10-15 grams. Color mature rich orange. Good in single salting and in alliance with other vegetables. The disadvantage is that vegetables spoil quickly.
For salting tomatoes in barrels it is recommended to choose the sweetest varieties. Thanks to the sugars found in vegetables, the fermentation process will naturally be supported.
Varieties for the Urals
Selection varieties of tomatoes for summer residents of the Urals especially crucial moment. Summer often arrives in the Urals with a delay, does not indulge in warmth and does not stay long. Therefore, varieties for open ground should be selected with a short period of ripening and with good resistance to low temperatures. Thermophilic varieties are allowed for greenhouses that ripen in 120-140 days. The following tomatoes are the most popular among vegetable growers:
- Havanese cigar
Vegetables similar in shape to a cigar are colored red. The pulp is tubeless, almost devoid of seeds. Tomatoes with such characteristics go for rolling in a cold and hot way. Fruits form the same shape. The average weight is 100-130 grams. The length is 14-16 cm. Of the biological features are tall bushes of the lianovid type, with a large number of stepsons. Advantages - long-term fruiting, good keeping quality. Cons - it is necessary to form a bush.
The grade bringing a sound harvest, and not delivering troubles. Even in difficult Ural conditions does not suffer from late blight. Miniature bushes do not need to remove the stepsons. Ripens one of the first. The fruits are round, weighing 40-50 grams, the flesh is dense. The taste is pleasant, sweet with a slight sourness. With the hot method of salting the skin does not crack. The fruits ripen on the bush at the same time in 85-90 days from germination.
- destructive force
Hardy to the surprises of nature, krasnoplodny variety. Removal of lateral shoots is not necessary, but when performing this procedure, the yield exceeds 5 kg per bush. Small tomatoes, weighing 100-120 grams. More suitable for salting in large dishes. Sweet, sugar-on-break tomatoes are tasty and juicy according to any recipe. Unpretentious variety grows in all conditions. Care is minimal. Disadvantages are not marked.
Early ripening allows you to harvest a good harvest before the onset of cold weather. Tomatoes are formed approximately the same mass of 60-65 grams. The shape is elongated, cylindrical. Color bright orange. The pulp is thick, the skin is thick.
The high pickling qualities. Fruiting stable, does not depend on the weather. Shrubs deterministic type. Not prone to dropping flowers and ovaries.
Low-growing plants form a complex brush of 6-8 tomatoes. Ready to collect in 100-110 days. The fruits are round, shaped like apples. In the brush tomatoes of different sizes, the farther from the stem, the smaller. The average weight is 100 grams. The taste is simple, sweet and sour. The juice content in the pulp is minimal. Reliable variety with good immunity to disease.
Tomato for growing in the open garden. Shrubs determinant, no more than 60 cm in height. The fruits are round, the average weight of a vegetable is 100 grams. Taste characteristics are high. Maturation is early and simultaneous. Before the spread of fungal diseases gives the entire crop. Not afraid of cold and sudden changes in temperature. A good option for salting and marinade.
Time-tested ultra-early variety (80-85 days). Even in the Urals, it is possible to grow in a seedless way. Bushes 25-30 cm high, do not require removal of shoots and fixation to the support. Resistant to low temperatures and high humidity. Fruits are round, with a smooth surface. The color of ripe vegetables is red. The average weight of one tomato is 70-100 grams. In conservation, it keeps its shape well, the skin is not covered with cracks.
Experienced housewives say that the most delicious salted tomatoes are obtained in wooden utensils. Oak barrels are most suitable for home billets. Such “dishes” are not cheap, but they will last for many years.
Tomatoes for the Moscow region
In the Moscow region, as well as in the entire middle lane, the weather in the summer season is unpredictable. Seasoned gardeners planted several varieties of tomatoes with different characteristics. Thus, the probability of obtaining a crop increases several times. But there are reliable varieties that can bear fruit regardless of the weather:
- Boni MM
Low variety bushes bring harvest in 80 days. Tomatoes of traditional taste gain a mass of 50-60 grams. Dense skin does not burst during processing. Salty tomatoes of bright red color and the same size will be a good winter snack. The advantages of the variety: simultaneous ripening, unpretentious care, high yield, resistant to disease. Disadvantages of Boney MM is not marked.
- Banana feet
Variety with an exotic name and unusual fruits. Ripe tomatoes are golden colored and resemble bananas in shape. In conservation, these fruits look very original. The skin and flesh of a dense structure do not creep away during processing. Citrus notes are preserved when salted. This treat can surprise guests. Even a beginner can grow “exotic”. It grows both in the greenhouse and in the open field. Resistant to diseases and low temperatures. The quality is good.
- Caspar F1
From the elastic, fleshy Caspar fruits, excellent pickles are obtained. Tomatoes with an average weight of 100-120 grams look like miniature peppers and fit well in banks. Low bushes are not prone to spine formation. Caring for the culture requires a minimum. Disease resistance is high.
- Yellow a drop
Good variety for pickling. Small bright yellow fruit shaped like light bulbs look good in banks. For originality can be combined with red cherry tomatoes. Taste is gentle, sweet, more dessert than vegetable. Plants reach two meters in height. Among the shortcomings: it does not tolerate drought, is susceptible to fittotor
Krasnoplodny, determinant variety. The fruits are small, often all of the same size in the brush. The average weight of a tomato is 70-80 grams. According to reviews, the taste is very sweet, aromatic. Dense structure and ripening at the same time are qualities required for blanks. In greenhouse conditions, the yield is high, without shelter — medium. Resistant to late blight and low temperatures.
- Pickling delicacy
Unpretentious tomato for growing without shelter. Appreciated for compact bushes, high fertility, resistance to cold morning dews. Fruits of elongated shape, similar to a cylinder, weighing 100-120 grams. The flesh is oily, dense, practically without voids. The skin is thin, but durable. When salting never crack.
- Moscow delicacy
Grade with a high content of solids. In the marinade, the tomatoes do not crawl, and the skin does not burst. Plants bring a good harvest (6 kg per 1m2) and do not require much attention. Bushes about a meter high. Masking is required, but moderate. Very resistant to cold nights and morning dews.
Tall bushes for greenhouse cultivation.Fruits are like small lemons - oval shape with a spout, color bright yellow. The taste of the tasters deserve 5 points. The flesh is elastic, sweet. Suitable for single-component pickling and in combination with red tomatoes. Not afraid of phytophtora. Be sure to carry out pinching, tie up to the support. Demanding feedings.
Plants of unlimited type of growth, so grow a variety better in the greenhouse. Requires good care. Responsive to feeding. With the right agrotechnology, the harvest is more than 6 kg from one bush. Fruits of an unusual form - very long (12-14 cm) cylinders. The flesh is mild, so vegetables keep their shape well in blanks. Of the disadvantages - requires the prevention of fungal diseases.
In the climatic conditions of the Moscow region, varieties and hybrids grow well, zoned also for colder regions. In the case of a cold and overcast summer harvest will be guaranteed.
Varieties for the south of Russia
Indeterminate bushes in height reach 2.5 meters. Fruits are saturated pink color, dense, practically without seeds, weighing 25-30 grams, sweet taste. Finger-shaped tomatoes look great in cans. Dense structure is preserved after heat treatment. Fruiting period more than 4 months. Productivity is high. Gardeners note that two bushes are enough to cook winter supplies for a family of three. Of the shortcomings - heat-loving, afraid of phytophtoras, apical rot.
A wrist tomato with ribbed oval-shaped tomatoes, with an average weight of 80-90 grams. According to reviews, the structure of the pulp is super dense. The taste is sweet, aromatic. In conservation, the fruits look beautiful and retain their shape without cracking. The variety is not afraid of drought and high temperatures. Fruits are well transported and lie.
- Asterix F1
Medium early, determinant variety. Fruits of bright red color and small size (60-70 grams) are tightly seated in a jar when salting. The advantages of the variety are: strong immunity to fungal and viral diseases, drought resistance, high yield (10 kg per 1m2), keeps the ovary at abnormally high temperatures. high pickling qualities - do not spread, the skin does not become covered with cracks.
- Pietra Rossa F1
Low-growing tomato for open ground without flaws. Popular in the North Caucasus region for the combination of the following qualities - medium-early, high-yielding, not afraid of the scorching sun, resistant to disease, gives the crop at the same time. Fruits are round in shape, weighing 90-100 grams, with thick skin. The dry matter content is high, so it keeps its shape in salting.
- Donskoy F1
Hybrid with good pickling qualities. Medium-sized fruits of 90-100 grams tightly seated in a container for preservation. The color of ripe fruits is traditional - red. Skin and pulp of dense structure. Plants are adapted for stressful situations in the south - during heat and drought. Low-growing bushes that do not require staking will not cause much trouble.
- Amiko F1
Early ripe hybrid variety for whole-fruit canning. Small tomatoes, weighing 65-70 grams, easily pass into the jar as a whole. Vegetable shape - oval, ribbed, color red-orange. Of the advantages: it is well pollinated even at temperatures above 30 degrees, drought-resistant, high yields. Disadvantages: Medium immunity to viral and fungal diseases; prevention required.
- Yellow date
Melkoplodny variety semi-determinant type. In the southern regions it grows well without shelter. Capable of tolerating even short frosts. Fully ripened tomatoes acquire a deep, sunny hue. Oval shape with a small spout. The average weight of 10-12 grams. The flesh is sugar, light, sweet. The skin is thick but not hard. A good option for vegetable platter. Disadvantages - demanding irrigation and soil fertility.
For salting can not be used crumpled or with signs of damage to the tomatoes.Such canned food will not be stored.
Choosing pickling variety Tomato need to navigate not only the appearance of the fruit, but also other characteristics. Vegetables for preservation should have a large proportion of dry matter and dense skin. Only in this case, they retain their shape and integrity in the home-made blanks.